Why keep the Sabbath day? What is the object of the Sabbath?
Who made it? When was it made, and for whom? Which day
is the true Sabbath? Many keep the first day of the week, or Sunday.
What Bible authority do they have for this? Some keep the seventh day,
or Saturday. What Scripture do they have for that? Here are the facts
about both days, as plainly stated in the word of God:
Sixty Bible Facts Concerning the Seventh Day
- After working the first six days of the week in creating this
earth, the great God rested on the seventh day. Genesis 2:1-3.
- This stamped that day as God's rest day, or Sabbath day, as
Sabbath day means rest day. To illustrate: When a person is born
on a certain day, that day thus becomes his birthday. So when God
rested upon the seventh day, that day became His rest or Sabbath
- Therefore the seventh day must always be God's Sabbath day.
Can you change your birthday from the day on which you were
born, to one on which you were not born? No. It would be a lie. Neither can you
change God's rest day to a day on which He did not rest. Hence the
seventh day is still God's Sabbath day.
- The Creator blessed the seventh day. Genesis 2: 3.
- He sanctified the seventh day. Exodus 20:11.
- He made it the Sabbath day in the garden of Eden. Genesis 2: 14.
- It was made before the fall; hence it is not a type; for types and "shadows of things to come" were not introduced till after the fall.
- Jesus says it was made for man (Mark 2: 27); that is, for the whole human
race, as the word man is here unlimited; hence, for the Gentile as
well as for the Jews. Isaiah 56:1-8.
- It is a memorial of creation. Exodus 20:11; 31:17. Every time
we rest upon the seventh day, as God did at creation, we commemorate that grand event.
- It was given to Adam, the head of the human race. Mark 2: 27;
Genesis 2 1-3.
- Hence through him, as our representative, to all nations. Acts
- It is not a Jewish institution; for it was made 2,300 years before ever there was a Jew.
- The Bible never calls it the Jewish Sabbath; but always, "the
Sabbath of the Lord thy God." Men should he cautious how they
stigmatize God's holy rest day.
- Evident reference is made to the Sabbath all through the patriarchal age. Genesis 2:1-3; 8:10,12; 29:27,28, etc.
- It was a part of God's law before Sinai. Exodus 3:4,5; 16:4,27-29.
- Then God placed it in the heart of His moral law. Exodus 20:1-17. Why did He place it there if it was not like the other nine precepts, which all admit to be immutable and forever?
- The seventh-day Sabbath was commanded by the voice of the
living God. Deuteronomy 4:12, 13.
- Then He wrote the commandment with His own finger. Exodus 31: 18.
- He engraved it in the enduring stone, indicating its imperishable nature. Deuteronomy 5: 22
- It was sacredly preserved in the ark in the holy of holies. Deuteronomy 10: 1-5.
- God forbade work upon the Sabbath, even in the most hurrying times. Exodus 34: 21.
- God destroyed the Israelites in the wilderness because they profaned the Sabbath. Ezekiel 20: 12, 13.
- It is the sign of the true God, by which we are to know Him from false gods. Ezekiel 20: 20.
- God promised that Jerusalem should stand forever if the Jews would keep the Sabbath. Jeremiah 17: 24, 25.
- He sent them into the Babylonish captivity for breaking it.
- He destroyed Jerusalem for its violation. Jeremiah 17: 27.
- God has pronounced a special blessing on all the Gentiles who will keep it. Isaiah 56: 6, 7.
- This is in the prophecy which refers wholly to the Christian dispensation. See Isaiah 56.
- God has promised to bless any man who will keep the Sabbath. Isaiah 56: 2.
- The Lord requires us to call it "honorable." Isaiah 58: 12, 13. Beware, ye who take delight in calling it the "old Jewish Sabbath," "a yoke of bondage," etc.
- After the holy Sabbath has been trodden down "many generations," it is to be restored in the last days. Isaiah 58:12, 13.
- All the holy prophets kept the seventh day.
- When the Son of God came, He kept the seventh day all His life. Luke 4:16; John 15:10. Thus He followed his Father's example at creation. Shall we not be safe in following the example of both the Father and the Son?
- The seventh day is the Lord's day. See Revelation 1:10; Mark 2: 28; Isaiah 58:13; Exodus 20:10.
- Jesus was Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2: 28); that is, to love
and protect it, as the husband is the lord of the wife, to love and cherish her. I Peter 3: 6.
- He vindicated the Sabbath as a merciful institution designed for man's good. Mark 2: 23-28.
- Instead of abolishing the Sabbath, He carefully taught how it should be observed. Matthew 12:1-13.
- He taught His disciples that they should do nothing upon the Sabbath day but what was "lawful." Matthew 12: 12.
- He instructed His apostles that the Sabbath should be prayerfully regarded 40 years after His resurrection. Matthew 24:20.
- The pious women who had been with Jesus carefully kept the seventh day after His death. Luke 23; 56.
- Thirty years after Christ's resurrection, the Holy Spirit expressly calls it "the Sabbath day." Acts 13:14.
- Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles, called it "the Sabbath day" in A.D. 45. Acts 13: 27. Did not Paul know? Or shall we believe modern teachers, who affirm that it ceased to be the Sabbath at the resurrection of Christ?
- Luke, the inspired Christian historian, writing as late as A. D. 62, calls it "the Sabbath day." Acts 13: 44.
- The Gentile converts called it the Sabbath. Acts 13: 42.
- In the great Christian council, A. D. 52, in the presence of the apostles and thousands of disciples, James calls it the "Sabbath
day." Acts 15: 21.
- It was customary to hold prayer-meetings upon that day. Acts 16:13.
- Paul read the Scriptures in public meetings on that day. Acts 17: 2, 3.
- It was his custom to preach upon that day. Acts 17: 2.
- The book of Acts alone gives a record of his holding eighty-four meetings upon that day. See Acts 13:14, 44; 16: 13; 17: 2; 18: 4, 11.
- There was never any dispute between the early Christians and the Jews about the Sabbath day as recorded by Luke in the book of Acts. This is proof that the early Christians still observed the same day that the Jews did. As a matter of fact, the entire Christian world, with the exception of the Roman and Alexandrian churches, kept the seventh-day Sabbath well into the fourth century. Evidence indicates that the tradition to worship on Sunday began in Rome and Alexandria. A very prominent historian, writing about the year 385 A.D., says, "Although almost all churches throughout the world celebrate the sacred mysteries on the Sabbath of every week, yet the Christians of Alexandria and at Rome, on account of some ancient tradition, have ceased to do this." Socrates Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, Bk. V, Chapter 22.
- In all their accusations against Paul, they never charged him with disregarding the Sabbath day. Why did they not if he did not keep it?
- But Paul himself expressly declared that he had kept the law. "Neither against the law of the Jews, neither against the temple, nor yet against Caesar, have I offended any thing at all." Acts 25: 8. How could this be true if he had not kept the Sabbath?
- The Sabbath is mentioned in the New Testament 59 times, and always with respect, bearing the same title it had in the Old Testament, "the Sabbath day."
- Not a word is said anywhere in the New Testament about the Sabbath's being abolished, done away, changed, or anything of the kind.
- God has never given permission to any man to work upon it. Dear reader, by what
authority do you use the seventh day for common labor?
- No Christian of the New Testament, either before or after
the resurrection, ever did ordinary work upon the seventh day. Find
one case of that kind, and we will yield the question. Why should
modern Christians do differently from Bible Christians?
- There is no record that God has ever removed His blessing or sanctification from the seventh day.
- As the Sabbath was kept in Eden before the fall, so it will be observed eternally in the new earth after the restitution. Isaiah 66:22, 23.
- The seventh-day Sabbath was an important part of the law of God, as it came from His own mouth and was written by His own finger upon stone at Sinai. See Exodus 20. When Jesus began His work, He expressly declared that He had not come to destroy the law . "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets." Matthew 5:17.
- Jesus severely condemned the Pharisees as hypocrites for pretending to love God, while at the same time they made void one of the Ten Commandments by their tradition. The keeping of Sunday is only a
tradition of men.
We have now presented 60 plain Bible facts concerning the seventh day. The question is, dear reader, what will you do with them?
Forty Bible Facts Concerning the First Day of the Week
- The very first thing recorded in the Bible is work done on Sunday, the first day of the week. Genesis 1: 1-5. This was done by the Creator Himself. If God made the earth on Sunday, can it be wicked for us to work on Sunday?
- God commands men to work upon the first day of the week. Exodus 20: 8-11. Is it wrong to obey God?
- None of the patriarchs ever kept it as the Sabbath.
- None of the holy prophets ever kept it.
- By the express command of God, His holy people used the first day of the week as a common working day for 4,000 years, at least.
- God Himself calls it a "working" day. Ezekiel 46: 1.
- God did not rest upon it.
- He never blessed it.
- Christ did not rest on it.
- Jesus was a carpenter (Mark 6: 3), and worked at his trade until He was 30 years old. He kept the Sabbath and worked six days in the week, as all admit. Hence He did many a day's hard work on Sunday.
- The apostles worked upon it also.
- The apostles never rested upon it.
- Christ never blessed it.
- It has never been blessed by any divine authority.
- It has never been sanctified.
- No divine law was ever given to enforce the keeping of it, hence it
is no transgression to work upon it. "For where no law is, there is no transgression." Romans 4: 15; (1 John 3: 4.)
- The New Testament nowhere forbids work to be done on it.
- No penalty is provided for its violation.
- No blessing is promised for its observance.
- No divine regulation is given as to how it ought to be observed. Would this be so if the Lord wished us to keep it?
- It is never called the Christian Sabbath anywhere in the Scriptures.
- It is never called the Sabbath day at all.
- It is never called the Lord's day. The seventh-day Sabbath is called the Lord's day. See Revelation 1:10; Mark 2:28; Isaiah 58:13; Exodus 20:10.
- It is never called even a rest day.
- No sacred title whatever is applied to it. Then why should we call it holy?
- It is simply called "first day of the week."
- Jesus never mentioned it in any way, never took its name upon His lips, so far as the record shows.
- The word Sunday never occurs in the Bible at all.
- Neither God, Christ, nor inspired men, ever said one word in favor of Sunday as a holy day.
- The first day of the week is rnentioned only eight times in all the New Testament. Matthew 28: 1; Mark 16: 2, 9; Luke 24: 1; John 20:1, 19; Acts 20: 7; 1 Corinthians 16: 2.
- Six of these texts refer to the same first day of the week.
- Paul directed the saints to look over their secular affairs on
that day. I Corinthians 16: 2.
- In all the New Testament we have a record of only one religious meeting held upon that day, and even this was a night meeting. Acts 20: 5-12.
- There is not an intimation that they ever held a meeting upon it before or after that.
- It was not their custom to meet on that day.
- There was no requirement to break bread on that day.
- We have an account of only one instance in which it was done.
Acts 20: 7.
- That was done in the night--after midnight. Verses 7-11. Jesus
celebrated it on Thursday evening, (Luke 22), and the disciples sometimes did it every day. Acts 2: 42-46.
- The Bible nowhere says that the first day of the week commemorates the resurrection of Christ. This is a tradition of men, which makes void the law of God. Matthew 15: 1-9. Baptism commemorates the burial and resurrection of Jesus. Romans 6: 3-5.
- Finally the New Testament is totally silent with regard to any change of the Sabbath day or any sacredness for the first day.
Here are 100 plain Bible facts upon this question, showing conclusively that the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord in both the Old and New Testament.
Dear reader, won't you obey the Lord now that you know the truth?
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